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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 May;89-90(1-5):303-8.

Regulation of the epithelial Ca2+ channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 by 1alpha,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3 and dietary Ca2+.

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Department of Physiology, Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences, University Medical Center Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Active, transepithelial Ca(2+) transport is a pivotal process in the regulation of Ca(2+) homeostasis and consists of three sequential steps: apical Ca(2+) influx, diffusion towards the basolateral membrane and subsequent extrusion into the blood compartment. TRPV5 and TRPV6 (renamed after ECaC1 and ECaC2/CaT1, respectively) constitute the rate-limiting influx step of transepithelial Ca(2+) transport and these highly selective Ca(2+) channels are controlled by several factors. This review focuses on the regulation of TRPV5 and TRPV6 abundance and/or activity by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyVitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)), dietary Ca(2+) and the auxiliary protein pair S100A10/annexin 2. Finally, the implications for our understanding of transcellular Ca(2+) transport will be discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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