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FEBS Lett. 2004 Jul 2;569(1-3):321-6.

Suppressive effects of the kahweol and cafestol on cyclooxygenase-2 expression in macrophages.

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Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju 501-759, South Korea.


Inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been suggested to play a role in the processes of inflammation and carcinogenesis. Recent studies have shown the chemoprotective effects of kahweol and cafestol, which are coffee-specific diterpenes. This study investigated the effects of kahweol and cafestol on the expression of COX-2 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Kahweol and cafestol significantly suppressed the LPS-induced production of prostaglandin E(2), COX-2 protein and mRNA expression, and COX-2 promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, kahweol blocked the LPS-induced activation of NF-kappaB by preventing IkappaB degradation and inhibiting IkappaB kinase activity. These results will provide new insights into the anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties of kahweol and cafestol.

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