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Transpl Infect Dis. 2004 Mar;6(1):28-32.

Pneumonia and mesenteric lymphadenopathy caused by disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection in a cadaveric renal transplant recipient.

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Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Howloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.


A38-year-old cadaveric kidney transplant recipient presented with fever, pneumonia, and mesenteric lymphadenopathy 9 months after transplant. Blood culture, bone marrow culture, and fine-needle aspiration cytology of mesenteric lymph nodes confirmed the diagnosis of disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection. He recovered after receiving parenteral amphotericin B followed by oral itraconazole therapy. P. marneffei infection is a dimorphic fungal opportunistic infection endemic in Southeast Asia, southern China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. It has been well reported in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients in the endemic areas, and also in other immunocompromised patients. This diagnosis must be considered for all febrile transplant recipients who have the relevant clinical features and travel history to Southeast Asia. Prompt treatment with anti-fungal therapy improves the survival and outcome of these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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