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J Pediatr Surg. 1992 Apr;27(4):432-5.

Tracheostomy in children with emphasis on home care.

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1
Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of California, San Francisco 94143.

Abstract

Tracheostomy in children is not a benign procedure. Tracheostomy-related mortality rates among children have been previously reported to be as high as 10% to 27%. Children with tracheostomies are especially vulnerable after home discharge with mortality rates of 0.5 to 2 deaths per 100 months at home. In order to assess the impact of extensive parental education and home nursing care on tracheostomy-related mortality, we report our experience over 9 years with 44 children receiving tracheostomies. Each child was maintained at home with a tracheostomy for an average of 19 months for a total of 635 months of home tracheostomy care. Indications for tracheostomy were tracheomalacia (32%), obstructive airway lesions (23%), central nervous system lesions (16%), vocal cord paralysis (9%), Pierre Robin syndrome (9%), and a list of miscellaneous conditions (11%). Our tracheostomy care regimen begins with intensive parental training in tracheostomy management for a minimum of 10 days prior to discharge. Home nursing was arranged for 77% of these children for an average of 11 hours per day at the time of discharge. Eighty-three percent had home apnea monitors. Discharge of these children was delayed or transfer to a secondary hospital was made when parents failed to show adequate proficiency in tracheostomy management with existing home nursing. Eight percent were ventilator dependent at discharge. As of January 1, 1989, 34% of these children have been decannulated. There were six deaths, all due to underlying disease. There were no tracheostomy-related deaths in hospital or after discharge home.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1522451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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