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Int J Radiat Biol. 2004 May;80(5):339-45.

Cataract in atomic bomb survivors.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Ophthalmologic examinations were conducted on atomic bomb (A-bomb) survivors 55 years after exposure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A-bomb survivors who had been exposed before 13 years of age at the time of the bombings in 1945 or who had been examined in a previous study between 1978 and 1980. The examinations, conducted between June 2000 and September 2002, included slit-lamp examination, digital photography and a cataract grading system for three parts of the lens (nucleus, cortex and posterior subcapsule) as an outcome variable. Proportional odds logistic regression analysis was conducted using the lowest grading class as a reference and included explanatory variables such as age, sex, city, dose and various cataract-related risk factors. When the grades in an individual differed, the worst grade was used.

RESULTS:

Results indicate that odds ratios (ORs) at 1 Sv were 1.07 (95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.90, 1.27) in nuclear colour, 1.12 (95% CI 0.94, 1.30) in nuclear cataract, 1.29 (95% CI 1.12, 1.49) in cortical cataract and 1.41 (95% CI 1.21, 1.64) in posterior subcapsular cataract. The same was true after excluding 13 people whose posterior subcapsular cataracts had been previously detected.

CONCLUSION:

Significant radiation effects were observed in two types of cataracts in A-bomb survivors.

PMID:
15223766
DOI:
10.1080/09553000410001680332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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