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J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Jul;152(1-2):112-20.

Immunosuppression of rat myasthenia gravis by oral administration of a syngeneic acetylcholine receptor fragment.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

A syngeneic rat recombinant fragment of the extracellular domain of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha-subunit (Ralpha1-205), administered orally, suppresses ongoing experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) in rats. The underlying mechanism is a shift from Th1 to Th2 regulation as evidenced by downregulated mRNA expression levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, upregulated IL-10, changes in anti-AChR IgG isotypes and diminished Th1 signaling via CD28/CTLA-4:B7. Unlike the xenogeneic fragment, the syngeneic Ralpha1-205 does not induce elevation in TGF-beta and elicitation of autoregulatory cells. The ability to suppress EAMG by a non-immunogenic syngeneic fragment of AChR is encouraging and may in the future be applied for the treatment of myasthenia gravis in humans.

PMID:
15223243
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneuroim.2004.04.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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