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Psychol Aging. 2004 Jun;19(2):362-6.

The relationship of activity restriction and replacement with depressive symptoms among older adults.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.


Activity restriction is known to mediate the disease-depression relationship. Data from 423 older Israeli adults showed that having to give up activities because of failing health was related to more depressive symptoms (DS), whereas satisfactorily replacing these activities was related to DS levels comparable to those of healthier older adults. Giving up and replacing activities mediated, in part, the effect of functional limitations on DS, after controlling for health status, demographics, and resources. Such questions about activities given up and replaced could contribute to the means of assessing the extent and impact of functional limitations on older adults.

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