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J Heart Valve Dis. 2004 May;13(3):421-8; discussion 428-9.

Long-term results of the surgical treatment of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation: comparison of repair and prosthetic replacement.

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1
Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazioni Macchi, Viale Borri 57, 21100 Varese, Italy. vitmantovani@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY:

The optimal management of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR) remains controversial. Herein, the authors reviewed the past 10 years of their experience to compare the long-term results of mitral valve repair with prosthetic replacement.

METHODS:

Between January 1993 and January 2003, 102 patients (mean age 67.8 years; range: 51-80 years) with a preoperative diagnosis of CIMR, underwent mitral valve repair (n = 61; 59.8%) or prosthetic replacement (n = 41; 40.2%), along with myocardial revascularization (2.5 +/- 1.0 distal anastomoses per patients, internal thoracic artery used in 78.5%). A Carpentier Classic ring was always used in the repair procedures. The two groups were homogeneous for preoperative characteristics and comorbidities.

RESULTS:

Total operative mortality was 7.8% (repair 8.2%; prosthesis 7.3%; p = NS). The five-year actuarial survival (operative mortality included) was 66.6 +/- 7.4% for repair and 73.4 +/- 8.7% for prosthesis (p = NS). Cox multivariate analysis showed as independent risk factor for late survival a preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or = 30% (RR 3.91; 95% CI = 1.47-10.38) and a preoperative pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) > or = 35 mumHg (RR 2.74; 95% CI = 1.07-7.02), while the type of mitral procedure was not significant. Patients with annular dilation as a mechanism of regurgitation were significant more likely to undergo repair rather than receive a prosthesis. Their preoperative LVEF and PAP were significantly worse than patients who had altered leaflet motion as a regurgitation mechanism.

CONCLUSION:

Prosthetic mitral replacement and valve repair offer very similar results for CIMR. When a perfect repair is not easily feasible, cardiac surgeons should not hesitate to perform mitral valve replacement, as it is an excellent alternative therapy, though long-term outcome is mainly dependent on preoperative condition.

PMID:
15222289
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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