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Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2004 Jun;31(6):889-92.

[Thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase gene expressions in colorectal cancer using the Danenberg tumor profile method].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Dept. of Surgery, Saitama Medical School.

Abstract

Thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) have been identified as a predictor of response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Danenberg et al. developed a technology to evaluate gene expressions in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens (DTP; Danenberg tumor profile). In this study, TS and DPD gene expressions were measured in 47 primary colorectal cancer tumors and 12 metastatic tumors using FFPE specimens. In primary tumors, expression of TS genes in cancerous tissues was statistically higher than in stromal tissues, while DPD gene expressions in stromal tissues were higher than those in cancerous tissues. The median TS mRNA level was 0.86 in hepatic metastasis and 1.95 in lymph node metastasis. The median DPD mRNA level was 0.86 in hepatic metastasis and 1.96 in lymph node metastasis. Both gene expressions differed among primary tumors and metastatic tumors, especially in metastatic sites. DTP might be useful to evaluate the 2 gene expressions in colorectal cancer. Further studies would be needed to clarify the mechanisms of difference of gene expressions in cancerous and stromal tissues, or in primary tumors and metastatic tumors.

PMID:
15222106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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