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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;58(7):1083-9.

Increased alpha-linolenic acid intake lowers C-reactive protein, but has no effect on markers of atherosclerosis.

Author information

1
[1] 1Department of General Practice, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands [2] 3Centre for Nutrition and Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of increased alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)-intake on intima-media thickness (IMT), oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) antibodies, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukins 6 and 10.

DESIGN:

Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial.

SUBJECTS:

Moderately hypercholesterolaemic men and women (55 +/- 10 y) with two other cardiovascular risk factors (n = 103).

INTERVENTION:

Participants were assigned to a margarine enriched with ALA (fatty acid composition 46% LA, 15% ALA) or linoleic acid (LA) (58% LA, 0.3% ALA) for 2 y.

RESULTS:

Dietary ALA intake was 2.3 en% among ALA users, and 0.4 en% among LA users. The 2-y progression rate of the mean carotid IMT (ALA and LA: +0.05 mm) and femoral IMT (ALA:+0.05 mm; LA:+0.04 mm) was similar, when adjusted for confounding variables. After 1 and 2 y, ALA users had a lower CRP level than LA users (net differences -0.53 and -0.56 mg/l, respectively, P < 0.05). No significant effects were observed in oxidized LDL antibodies, and levels of sICAM-1, interleukins 6 and 10.

CONCLUSIONS:

A six-fold increased ALA intake lowers CRP, when compared to a control diet high in LA. The present study found no effects on markers for atherosclerosis.

SPONSORSHIP:

The Dutch 'Praeventiefonds'.

PMID:
15220952
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601938
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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