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Addict Behav. 2004 Jul;29(5):1035-8.

Major depression associated with earlier alcohol relapse in treated teens with AUD.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. jcornel@pitt.edu

Abstract

This study evaluated whether the common comorbid diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with an earlier relapse to alcohol use among adolescents with an alcohol use disorder (AUD). The study sample consisted of 116 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 with an AUD recruited from treatment facilities in the Pittsburgh area, 50 of whom demonstrated a current MDD. An extensive baseline interview was conducted, followed by monthly interviews of alcohol use conducted by telephone for the following year. Those with current comorbid MDD demonstrated a median survival time of only 19 days until the first drink, while those without MDD demonstrated a median survival time of 45 days, which was a significant difference (Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, Breslow Test Statistic=4.27, df=1, P=.039). These results suggest that the comorbid presence of MDD is associated with an earlier relapse to alcohol use among adolescents with an AUD.

PMID:
15219354
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.02.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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