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Endocrinology. 2004 Oct;145(10):4540-9. Epub 2004 Jun 24.

Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release in pancreatic islet beta-cells: critical evaluation of the use of endoplasmic reticulum-targeted "cameleons".

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Henry Wellcome Laboratories for Integrated Cell Signalling, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.


Elevated glucose concentrations cause Ca2+ influx and the exocytotic release of insulin from pancreatic islet beta-cells. Whether increases in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration also mobilize Ca2+ from intracellular stores (Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release) is unresolved. Endoplasmic reticulum-targeted cameleons have previously been used to explore the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ release in these cells, albeit with differing conclusions. Cameleons comprise two spectrally shifted green fluorescent proteins, enhanced cyan and yellow fluorescent protein, whose orientation is affected by Ca2+, changing intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer. By measuring pH in the cytosol and ER lumen, we demonstrate that high K+ concentrations (>20 mm) acidify both compartments in clonal MIN6 beta-cells when external bicarbonate concentrations are low (<5 mm), interfering with measurements using Ycam-2 and Ycam-4ER. However, when intracellular pH is strongly buffered (24 mm HCO3-), glucose or cell depolarization increases ER [Ca2+] monitored with Ycam-4ER. KCl-induced increases in ER [Ca2+] were diminished when intracellular stores were sensitized with 1 mm caffeine and inhibited by pretreatment with ryanodine. Furthermore, preincubation with ryanodine tended to slow the falling phase of the ER Ca2+ transient after cell depolarization with KCl and reduced the peak cytosolic [Ca2+]. By contrast, stimulation with glucose increased ER [Ca2+] both in the absence and presence of caffeine or ryanodine. These observations suggest that Ca2+-induced ER Ca2+ release can occur in beta-cells under some conditions but may not be essential for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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