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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2004 Jun;63(6):650-9.

Insulin-like growth factor I in inclusion-body myositis and human muscle cultures.

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Department of Neuroscience, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.


Possible pathogenic mechanisms of sporadic inclusion-body myositis (sIBM) include abnormal production and accumulation of amyloid beta (A beta), muscle aging, and increased oxidative stress. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), an endocrine and autocrine/paracrine trophic factor, provides resistance against A beta toxicity and oxidative stress in vitro and promotes cell survival. In this study we analyzed the IGF-I signaling pathway in sIBM muscle and found that 16.2% +/- 2.5% of nonregenerating fibers showed increased expression of IGF-I, phosphatidylinositide 3'OH-kinase, and Akt. In the majority of sIBM abnormal muscle fibers, increased IGF-I mRNA and protein correlated with the presence of A beta cytoplasmic inclusions. To investigate a possible relationship between A beta toxicity and IGF-I upregulation, normal primary muscle cultures were stimulated for 24 hours with the A beta(25-35) peptide corresponding to the biologically active domain of A beta. This induced an increase of IGF-I mRNA and protein in myotubes at 6 hours, followed by a gradual reduction thereafter. The level of phosphorylated Akt showed similar changes. We suggest that in sIBM. IGF-I overexpression represents a reactive response to A beta toxicity, possibly providing trophic support to vulnerable fibers. Understanding the signaling pathways activated by IGF-I in sIBM may lead to novel therapeutic strategies for the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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