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Cell Struct Funct. 1999 Oct;24(5):321-7.

Serum-dependent phosphorylation of human MAP4 at Ser696 in cultured mammalian cells.

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Laboratory of Cell and Developmental Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan.


In the previous paper (Ookata et al., (1997) Biochemistry, 36: 249-259), we identified two mitotic cdc2 kinase phosphorylation sites (Ser696 and Ser787) in the proline-rich region of human MAP4. One (Ser696) of them was also phosphorylated during interphase. A protein kinase responsible for interphase phosphorylation of Ser696 could necessarily be distinct from cdc2/cyclin B kinase. To get insights into a physiological role for Ser696 phosphorylation, we searched for a Ser696 kinase and for cellular conditions under which Ser696 is dephosphorylated. Because Ser696 conforms to the MAP kinase phosphorylation consensus motif (PXSP), MAP kinase was tested as a possible kinase phosphorylating Ser696. MAP kinase, in fact, did phosphorylate Ser696 in MTB3, the carboxy-terminal half of human MAP4 in vitro. Phosphorylation of Ser696 in HeLa cell extract was suppressed by a MAP kinase inhibitor, DBTM-0004. Also consistent with the notion that Ser696 is a MAP kinase site were the fact that serum-starvation induced dephosphorylation of Ser696 in HeLa cells, TIG-3 and MRC-5-30 human fibroblasts, while readdition of serum recovered Ser696 phosphorylation, albeit after a surprisingly long interval. Thus, phosphorylation of Ser696 of MAP4, most likely carried out by MAP kinase, may play a role in modulation of MAP4 activity in proliferating versus quiescent cells.

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