Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jul;24(13):5710-20.

Histone code modifications on pluripotential nuclei of reprogrammed somatic cells.

Author information

Department of Development and Differentiation, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


Following hybridization with embryonic stem (ES) cells, somatic genomes are epigenetically reprogrammed and acquire pluripotency. This results in the transcription of somatic genome-derived tissue-specific genes upon differentiation. During nuclear reprogramming, it is expected that DNA and chromatin modifications, believed to function in cell-type-specific epigenotype memory, should be significantly modified. Indeed, current evidence indicates that acetylation and methylation of histone H3 and H4 amino termini play a major role in the regulation of gene activity through the modulation of chromatin conformation. Here, we show that the reprogrammed somatic genome of ES hybrid cells becomes hyperacetylated at H3 and H4, while lysine 4 (K4) of H3 becomes globally hyper-di- and -tri-methylated. In the Oct4 promoter region, histones H3 and H4 are acetylated and H3-K4 is highly tri-methylated on both the ES and reprogrammed somatic genomes, which correlates with gene activation and DNA demethylation. However, H3-K4 is also di- and tri-methylated in the promoter regions of Neurofilament-M (Nfm), Nfl, and Thy-1, which are all silent in both ES and hybrid cells. Thus, H3-K4 di- and tri-methylation of reprogrammed somatic genomes is independent of gene activity and represents one of the major events that occurs during somatic genome reprogramming towards a transcriptional activation-permissive state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center