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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2004 Jun;68(6):1345-52.

Identification and cloning of the gene involved in the final step of chlortetracycline biosynthesis in Streptomyces aureofaciens.

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Tokyo Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.


For chlortetracycline biosynthesis in Streptomyces aureofaciens, the final reduction step is essential to give an antibiotic activity to its intermediate, which is catalyzed by tetracycline dehydrogenase with 7,8-dedimethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (FO) as a cofactor. We identified and cloned the gene, which is essential for the biosynthesis of 6-demethyltetracycline and participates in the final step of its biosynthesis, from the genomic DNA of the 6-demethyltetracycline producer S. aureofaciens HP77. DNA sequence analysis revealed that the gene (tchA) had an open reading frame of 455 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 48.1 kDa. Southern hybridization analysis revealed that the tchA gene was located external to the chlortetracycline biosynthetic gene cluster in the genome. A conserved domain search of protein sequence databases indicated that TchA showed a similarity to FbiB, which is involved in the modification of FO in Mycobacterium bovis.

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