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Electrophoresis. 2004 Jun;25(12):1735-47.

Efficient separation and analysis of peroxisomal membrane proteins using free-flow isoelectric focusing.

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TECAN Munich, Proteomics Division, Kirchheim, Germany.


We have elaborated a protocol for the fractionation of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic proteins using as a model the matrix and membrane compartments of highly purified rat liver peroxisomes because of their distinct proteomes and characteristic composition with a high quota of basic proteins. To keep highly hydrophobic proteins in solution, an urea/thiourea/detergent mixture, as used in traditional gel-based isoelectric focusing (IEF), was added to the electrophoresis buffer. Electrophoresis was conducted in the ProTeam free-flow electrophoresis (FFE) apparatus of TECAN separating proteins into 96 fractions on a pH 3-12 gradient. Consecutive sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis demonstrated that both matrix and the integral membrane proteins of peroxisomes could be successfully fractionated and then identified by mass spectrometry. This is documented by the detection of PMP22, which is the most hydrophobic and basic protein of the peroxisomal membrane with a pI > 10. The identification of 96 prominent spots corresponding to polypeptides with different physical and chemical properties, e.g., the most abundant integral membrane polypeptides of peroxisomes and specific ones of the mitochondrial and microsomal membrane, reflects the fractionation potential of free-flow (FF)-IEF, accentuating its value in proteomic research as an alternative perhaps superior to gel-based IEF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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