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J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Jun 30;126(25):7798-9.

A new Ru complex capable of catalytically oxidizing water to molecular dioxygen.

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Departament de Química, Universitat de Girona, Campus de Montilivi, E-17071 Girona, Spain.


We have prepared three new dinuclear ruthenium complexes having the formulas [Ru2II(bpp)(trpy)2(mu-L)]2+ (L = Cl, 1; L = AcO, 2) and [Ru2II(bpp)(trpy)2(H2O)2]3+ (3). The three complexes have been characterized through the usual spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques and, in the cases of 1 and 2, the X-ray crystal structures have been solved. In aqueous acidic solution, the acetato bridge of 2 is replaced by aqua ligands, generating the bis(aqua) complex 3 which, upon oxidation to its RuIVRuIV state, has been shown to catalytically oxidize water to molecular oxygen. The measured pseudo-first-order rate constant for the O2-evolving process is 1.4 x 10-2 s-1, more than 3 times larger than the higher one previously reported for Ru-O-Ru type catalysts. This new water-splitting catalyst also has improved stability with regard to any previously described, achieving a total of 18.6 metal cycles.


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