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J Neurosci Res. 2004 Jul 15;77(2):166-73.

Developmental expression of OAP-1/Tspan-3, a member of the tetraspanin superfamily.

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Departments of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


OSP/claudin-11-associated protein (OAP-1/Tspan-3), originally isolated by yeast two-hybrid screening using OSP/claudin-11 (oligodendrocyte-specific protein) as bait, is a member of the tetraspanin superfamily and OAP-1/Tspan-3, OSP/claudin-11, and beta1 integrin form a protein complex that seems to be involved in oligodendrocyte proliferation and migration. This study investigated the temporal and regional expression, glycosylation status, and tissue distribution of OAP-1/Tspan-3. OAP-1/Tspan-3 mRNA was expressed as a single transcript throughout brain development, with high levels of expression in the germinal zones. OAP-1/Tspan-3 protein contains N-terminal glycosylation sites in extracellular loop 2 and deglycosylation studies indicated a decrease in apparent molecular weight of OAP-1/Tspan-3, consistent with removal of N-glycans. Similar to OSP/claudin-11, OAP-1/Tspan-3 is expressed in all stages of oligodendrocyte development and in the myelin sheath. Unlike OSP/claudin-11, however, it is expressed in all cell types tested in the central nervous system (CNS), including neurons and astrocytes. The association of OAP-1/Tspan-3 with OSP/claudin-11 and beta1 integrin, its subcellular distribution as a cell surface, membrane-spanning glycoprotein, and its widespread distribution supports its potential role in cell migration, proliferation, and interactions between cells and extracellular matrix.

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