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J Biol Chem. 2004 Aug 27;279(35):36819-27. Epub 2004 Jun 20.

The HD domain of the Escherichia coli tRNA nucleotidyltransferase has 2',3'-cyclic phosphodiesterase, 2'-nucleotidase, and phosphatase activities.

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1
Banting and Best Department of Medical Research and Structural Genomics Consortium, 112 College St., University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L6, Canada. a.iakounine@utoronto.ca

Erratum in

  • J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 24;279(52):54973.

Abstract

In all mature tRNAs, the 3'-terminal CCA sequence is synthesized or repaired by a template-independent nucleotidyltransferase (ATP(CTP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase; EC 2.7.7.25). The Escherichia coli enzyme comprises two domains: an N-terminal domain containing the nucleotidyltransferase activity and an uncharacterized C-terminal HD domain. The HD motif defines a superfamily of metal-dependent phosphohydrolases that includes a variety of uncharacterized proteins and domains associated with nucleotidyltransferases and helicases from bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. The C-terminal HD domain in E. coli tRNA nucleotidyltransferase demonstrated Ni(2+)-dependent phosphatase activity toward pyrophosphate, canonical 5'-nucleoside tri- and diphosphates, NADP, and 2'-AMP. Assays with phosphodiesterase substrates revealed surprising metal-independent phosphodiesterase activity toward 2',3'-cAMP, -cGMP, and -cCMP. Without metal or in the presence of Mg(2+), the tRNA nucleotidyltransferase hydrolyzed 2',3'-cyclic substrates with the formation of 2'-nucleotides, whereas in the presence of Ni(2+), the protein also produced some 3'-nucleotides. Mutations at the conserved His-255 and Asp-256 residues comprising the C-terminal HD domain of this protein inactivated both phosphodiesterase and phosphatase activities, indicating that these activities are associated with the HD domain. Low concentrations of the E. coli tRNA (10 nm) had a strong inhibiting effect on both phosphatase and phosphodiesterase activities. The competitive character of inhibition by tRNA suggests that it might be a natural substrate for these activities. This inhibition was completely abolished by the addition of Mg(2+), Mn(2+), or Ca(2+), but not Ni(2+). The data suggest that the phosphohydrolase activities of the HD domain of the E. coli tRNA nucleotidyltransferase are involved in the repair of the 3'-CCA end of tRNA.

PMID:
15210699
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M405120200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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