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Echocardiography. 2004 Jul;21(5):429-32.

Early pacemaker lead thrombosis leading to massive pulmonary embolism.

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Department of Cardiology, Athens General Hospital, Greece.


Clinically apparent pulmonary embolism is a rare complication of permanent transvenous pacing catheters. Here we report an unusual case of a 71-year-old man who developed massive pulmonary embolism 12 hours after a permanent transvenous pacemaker implantation in the absence of any patient-related predisposing factor. Transesophageal echocardiography showed a large thrombus within the right atrium closely attached to the pacemaker lead. Anticoagulation with heparin, followed by warfarin therapy, led to a complete resolution of the thrombus.

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