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Demography. 2004 May;41(2):363-84.

The household registration system and social stratification in China: 1955-1996.

Author information

1
Division of Social Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. sowu@ust.hk

Abstract

The Chinese household registration system (hukou), which divides the population into "agricultural" and "nonagricultural" sectors, may be the most important determinant of differential privileges in state socialist China, determining access to good jobs, education for one's children, housing, health care, and even the right to move to a city. Transforming one's hukou status from rural to urban is a central aspect of upward social mobility. Using data from a 1996 national probability sample, we show that education and membership in the Chinese Communist Party are the main determinants of such mobility.

PMID:
15209045
DOI:
10.1353/dem.2004.0010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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