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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Jul;183(1):193-6.

Percutaneous cholecystostomy versus gallbladder aspiration for acute cholecystitis: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Sendai City Medical Center, 5-22-1, Tsurugaya, Miyagino-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 983-0824, Japan. keiito@openhp.or.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was performed to determine and compare the effectiveness and incidence of complications of percutaneous cholecystostomy and gallbladder aspiration in cases of severe acute cholecystitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-eight patients with severe acute cholecystitis who did not improve after antibiotic treatment were included in this study. The patients were randomized into either the percutaneous cholecystostomy group (n = 30) or the gallbladder aspiration group (n = 28). Under sonographic guidance, percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed in the usual manner using a 6.5- or 7-French catheter. Gallbladder aspiration was carried out with a 21-gauge needle under sonographic guidance. The technical success, clinical response, and complications in each group were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Percutaneous cholecystostomy and gallbladder aspiration were technically successful in 30 patients (100%) and 23 patients (82%), respectively (not statistically significant). In five patients (18%) of the gallbladder aspiration group, aspiration was unsuccessful because of replacement of bile with dense biliary sludge or pus. Good clinical response was obtained in 27 patients (90%) of the percutaneous cholecystostomy group and in 14 patients (61%) of the gallbladder aspiration group (p < 0.05). As for complications, dislodgment of the catheter occurred in one patient of the percutaneous cholecystostomy group and minor bleeding in one patient after gallbladder aspiration. No major complications or procedure-related deaths occurred in either group.

CONCLUSION:

For severe acute cholecystitis, percutaneous cholecystostomy was superior to gallbladder aspiration in terms of clinical effectiveness and had the same complication rate as gallbladder aspiration.

PMID:
15208137
DOI:
10.2214/ajr.183.1.1830193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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