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Microbes Infect. 2004 Jul;6(8):715-24.

Role of Nup98 in nuclear entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 cDNA.

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Department of Virology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.


Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), like other lentiviruses, can infect non-dividing cells. The lentiviruses are most likely to have evolved a nuclear import strategy to import HIV-1 cDNA and viral protein complex through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) formed by nucleoporin proteins (Nup). In this study, we found that synthesis of integrated and 2LTR but not full-length form of HIV-1 cDNA was clearly impaired in culture via transduction of vesicular stomatitis virus matrix protein (VSV M), an inhibitor protein, through binding to the phenylalanine-glycine (FG) repeat region of Nup98. The impairment of synthesis of integrated and 2LTR DNA with VSV M was restored by ectopic overexpression of Nup98. A series of experiments using Nup98-depleted NPC by the small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique showed specific impairment of NPC structure and some functions, including nuclear import of HIV-1 cDNA. Our results suggest that Nup98 on the NPC specifically participates in the nuclear entry of HIV-1 cDNA following HIV-1 entry.

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