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Br J Cancer. 1992 Sep;66(3):427-32.

Recognition and killing of tumour cells expressing heat shock protein 65 kD with immunotoxins containing saporin.

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Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy.


The expression of heat shock proteins (HSP) of the 65 kD family (groEL) has been observed by flow cytometry using murine monoclonal antibody (MoAb) anti-HSP 65 kD (ML30) on the surface of B (Daudi) or T (H9) lymphoma cells, on a monocyte cell line (U937) and also on a primary culture of a human pancreatic carcinoma (HPC). Moreover, the MoAb ML30 was coupled to Saporin 6, a ribosome-inactivating protein recovered from the seeds of Saponaria officinalis, to kill HSP-expressing cells with a specific immunotoxin. An indirect method using first MoAb ML30 and then anti-mouse IgG1 immunotoxin was also performed. With this method a human serum positive for HSP65-antibodies was tested using anti-human IgG1 or IgM immunotoxins. All cell lines were inhibited when preincubated with the specific immunotoxin directed to HSP65 (ML30 SO6), although H9 cells were susceptible to immunotoxin only after thermal stress. Daudi and HPC cells were inhibited both after long-term culture and when freshly explanted from SCID mice. Proliferation of the U937 monocytic cell line, that constitutively expresses high levels of HSP65 on the surface (as determined by flow cytometry), was completely inhibited (100% inhibition) by the ML30 SO6. However, not all tumour cells constitutively express high levels of surface HSP65, as determined by cytometric analysis. For this reason it was not always possible to obtain complete inhibition of cellular proliferation.

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