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Nutr Cancer. 2004;48(1):28-36.

Vitamin A prevents high fat diet-induced ACF development and modifies the pattern of expression of peroxisome proliferator and retinoic acid receptor m-RNA.

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Laboratory of Nutrition and Cellular Signalling, University Bordeaux 1, Talence Cedex, France.


Some dietary compounds, among them fats, are modulators of colon cancer risk. This study reports the modulating effects of n-6, with or without vitamin A, on promotion of colon preneoplasic lesions induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and on the expression of nuclear receptors (PPARgamma, RXRalpha, and RARbeta). One group of male Fisher rats was fed a basic diet (5% safflower oil) and two groups were fed a high-fat diet (HFD, 25% safflower oil). Of these, one was supplemented with 200 IU vitamin A for 5 mo. The safflower oil contained polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly linoleic acid (73%). The data showed an increasing effect of safflower oil-enriched diet on aberrant crypt foci occurrence and multiplicity. This effect was impaired by vitamin A supplementation. In addition, an HFD-related up-regulation of PPARgamma and a concomitant down-regulation of RARbeta mRNA expression were observed with or without chemical initiation and were prevented by vitamin A. Moreover, when treated with DMH, HFD rats exhibited a dramatically decreased expression of RXRalpha mRNA (-49%). It was hypothesized that HFD, leading to hyperexpression of PPARgamma, would produce an alteration of retinoic acid signaling and, in this way, create a background modulating colon cancer risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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