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Cell Immunol. 2004 Mar;228(1):42-53.

The transcription factor, Bright, is not expressed in all human B lymphocyte subpopulations.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.


Bright is an ARID family transcription factor that increases immunoglobulin heavy chain transcription. In the mouse, Bright expression is tightly regulated and B cell-restricted and the Bright protein associates with Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk), the defective enzyme in X-linked immunodeficiency. Human X-linked agammaglobulinemia results from defects in Btk and leads to early blocks in B lymphocyte development. Because so little is known about human Bright, we sought to determine where human Bright is expressed in normal B cell differentiation and whether it also forms complexes with Btk. Although human and mouse Bright exhibited similar expression patterns in normal B cells, many human transformed B cell lines did not express Bright protein. However, the human protein bound prototypic Bright DNA-binding motifs and, like mouse Bright, was capable of associating with Btk. These data suggest potentially important similarities exist in Bright expression and activity in human and mouse B lymphocytes.

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