Send to

Choose Destination
Free Radic Biol Med. 2004 Jul 15;37(2):187-95.

GPx-1 modulates Akt and P70S6K phosphorylation and Gadd45 levels in MCF-7 cells.

Author information

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612, USA.


Selenium has been shown to prevent cancer in animal models, and recent data indicate it is likely to be effective in humans as well. One selenium-containing protein, the cytoplasmic form of glutathione peroxidase (GPx-1), has been implicated in cancer risk and development by genetic studies identifying at-risk alleles and loss of heterozygosity in tumors. In order to evaluate the biological consequences of GPx-1 overexpression, human MCF-7 cells were stably transfected with a GPx-1 expression construct and the effects of GPx-1 on protein kinases associated with stress responses were determined. GPx-1 overexpression affected phosphorylation of p70S6K, whereas Erk1/2 and p38 MAPK were not affected. Site-specific phosphorylation of Akt declined and the levels of Gadd45, a DNA damage response protein, increased significantly as a consequence of elevated GPx-1 expression. Effects on p70S6K and Gadd45 after selenium supplementation have been reported, and given previous data demonstrating a role for GPx-1 in cancer etiology, these results support the concept that the chemopreventive properties of selenium may be due, at least in part, to its role in regulating GPx-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center