Send to

Choose Destination
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 May;1015:171-81.

Development of the building plan of the heart.

Author information

Experimental and Molecular Cardiology Group, Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


In this communication we discuss the formation of the synchronously contracting chambered heart from a peristaltically contracting linear heart tube. It is proposed that members of the T-box family of transcription factors play a crucial role in the formation of the building plan of the formed heart. Tbx5 may confer venoarterial polarity to the heart tube, whereas Tbx2 initially and Tbx3 in later developmental stages prevent the cardiac inflow tract, atrioventricular region, outflow tract, as well as the cardiac inner curvatures from chamber differentiation. With the exception of the outflow tract that becomes incorporated into the ventricles, these regions contribute to the cardiac conduction system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center