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Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Jun;112(9):944-9.

Neurodevelopment and endocrine disruption.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. colborn@tds.net

Abstract

In this article I explore the possibility that contaminants contribute to the increasing prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, and associated neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems in developed countries. I discuss the exquisite sensitivity of the embryo and fetus to thyroid disturbance and provide evidence of human in utero exposure to contaminants that can interfere with the thyroid. Because it may never be possible to link prenatal exposure to a specific chemical with neurodevelopmental damage in humans, I also present alternate models where associations have been made between exposure to specific chemicals or chemical classes and developmental difficulties in laboratory animals, wildlife, and humans.

PMID:
15198913
PMCID:
PMC1247186
DOI:
10.1289/ehp.6601
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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