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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2003 Oct 21;4(4):E57.

Investigations on neomycin production with immobilized cells of Streptomyces marinensis NUV-5 in calcium alginate matrix.

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Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530 003, India.


The purpose of this investigation was to study the effect of Streptomyces marinensis NUV-5 cells immobilized in calcium alginate for the production of neomycin. The effect of various parameters, such as the effect of alginate concentration (1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5% wt/vol), the effect of cation (CaCl2, BaCl2, and SrCl2), the concentration of cation (0.01M, 0.125M, 0.25M, 0.375M, and 0.5M), the curing times (1, 6, 11, 16, and 21 hours), and the diameter of the bead (1.48, 2.16, 3.24, 4.46, and 5.44 mm), on neomycin production and bead stability were studied. The effect of maltose (4%, 3%, 2%, and 1% wt/vol) and sodium glutamate (0.6%, 0.3%, 0.15%, and 0.075% wt/vol) concentration on neomycin production was also studied. Better neomycin production was achieved with optimized parameters, such as alginate at 2% wt/vol, 0.25M CaCl2, 1-hour curing time, and 3.24 mm bead diameter. Effective neomycin production was achieved with 3% wt/vol maltose and 0.6% wt/vol sodium glutamate concentration. The repeated batch fermentations were conducted (every 96 hours) using the optimized alginate beads, employing the production medium with 3% wt/vol maltose and 0.6% wt/vol sodium glutamate along with mineral salts solution. The increase in antibiotic production was observed up to the 5th cycle, and later gradual decrease in antibiotic production was observed. Comparison of the total antibiotic production with free cells and immobilized cells was also done. An enhanced antibiotic productivity of 32% was achieved with immobilized cells over the conventional free-cell fermentation, while 108% more productivity was achieved over the washed free-cell fermentation. From these results it is concluded that the immobilized cells of S marinensis NUV-5 in calcium alginate are more efficient for the production of neomycin with repeated batch fermentation.

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