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Gerontologist. 2004 Jun;44(3):426-31.

Resident-Assisted Montessori Programming (RAMP): training persons with dementia to serve as group activity leaders.

Author information

1
Myers Research Institute, Menorah Park Center for Senior Living, Beachwood, OH 44122, USA. ccamp@myersri.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an activity implemented by means of Resident-Assisted Montessori Programming (RAMP).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Four persons with early-stage dementia were trained to serve as leaders for a small-group activity played by nine persons with more advanced dementia. Assessments of leaders' ability to learn the procedures of leading a group, as well as their satisfaction with this role, were taken, as were measures of players' engagement and affect during standard activities programming and RAMP activities.

RESULTS:

Leaders demonstrated the potential to fill the role of group activity leader effectively, and they expressed a high level of satisfaction with this role. Players' levels of positive engagement and pleasure during the RAMP activity were higher than during standard group activities.

IMPLICATIONS:

This study suggests that to the extent that procedural learning is available to persons with early-stage dementia, especially when they are assisted with external cueing, these individuals can successfully fill the role of volunteers when working with persons with more advanced dementia. This can provide a meaningful social role for leaders and increase access to high quality activities programming for large numbers of persons with dementia.

PMID:
15197297
DOI:
10.1093/geront/44.3.426
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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