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Biotechnol Lett. 2004 May;26(9):763-7.

On-line oxygen uptake rate and culture viability measurement of animal cell culture using microplates with integrated oxygen sensors.

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Biochemical Engineering Institute, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.


O2 uptake rates of animal cells (Chinese hamster ovary-CHO) were measured in 96-well microtiter plates by integrating with fluorescent sensors thereby measuring fluorescence intensity ratios of an O2-sensitive and an insensitive fluorophor. O2 consumption rate was estimated from measured dissolved O2 and from O2 mass transfer coefficient determined in advance. Specific uptake decreased with time from 3.2 x 10(-13) mol O2 cell(-1) h(-1) at 15 h cultivation to 1.8 x 10(-13) mol O2 cell(-1) h(-1) at 48 h. Specific O2 uptake was also determined by sampling from a spinner-flask culture giving identical values. A cell viability assay for cultures based on O2 measurements is described in which cells are incubated outside the fluorescence reader and then the dissolved O2 is measured only once at a fixed time after the start of incubation. This protocol can be directly applied for high-throughput measurements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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