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Exp Cell Res. 2004 Jul 1;297(1):285-93.

Importin alpha/beta-mediated nuclear protein import is regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner.

Author information

1
Department of Frontier Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

Functional nuclear proteins are selectively imported into the nucleus by transport factors such as importins alpha and beta. The relationship between the efficiency of nuclear protein import and the cell cycle was measured using specific import substrates for the importin alpha/beta-mediated pathway. After the microinjection of SV40 T antigen nuclear localization signal (NLS)-containing substrates into the cytoplasm of synchronized culture cells at a certain phase of the cell cycle, the nuclear import of the substrates was measured kinetically. Cell cycle-dependent change in import efficiency, but not capacity, was found. That is, import efficiency was found low in the early S, G2/M, and M/G1 phases compared with other phases. In addition, we found that the extent of co-imunoprecipitation of importin alpha with importin beta from cell extracts was strongly associated with import efficiency. These results indicate that the importin alpha/beta-mediated nuclear import machinery is regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner through the modulation of interaction modes between importins alpha and beta.

PMID:
15194443
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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