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Transplant Proc. 2004 May;36(4):1048-9.

Does treatment of cadaveric organ donors with desmopressin increase the likelihood of pancreas graft thrombosis? Results of a preliminary study.

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1
Division of Transplant Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, USA.

Abstract

Desmopressin (DDAVP) is commonly used in cadaveric organ donors to treat diabetes insipidus. The thrombogenic potential of DDAVP is well known. Recent animal data have demonstrated that DDAVP impairs pancreas graft (PG) microcirculation and perfusion. The aim of this study was too evaluate the effect of DDAVP on the incidence of PG thrombosis in clinical pancreas transplantation. A retrospective review of simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplant (SKPT) entered in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) between 10/5/87 and 9/27/02 was performed. Patients were included for analysis if there was definitive documentation as to whether DDAVP was (DDAVP-Y) or was not (DDAVP-N) administered to the donor. Both dose and duration of DDAVP treatment were not recorded by SRTR. A total of 2804 SKPTs were available for analysis. Mean follow-up was 1.75 years (range, 1 month to 8.4 years). A total of 1287 SKPT patients (46%) received a PG from a DDAVP-Y donor. Graft ischemia times, donor and recipient ages, recipient gender distribution, surgical techniques, and immunosuppressive regimens were similar in both groups. The overall incidence of PG thrombosis was 4.3%. The incidence of PG thrombosis in recipients of grafts from DDAVP-Y donors was 5.1% compared to 3.5% in recipients of grafts from DDAVP-N donors (P =.04). Fifty-eight percent of thrombosed PG came from DDAVP-Y donors compared to 42% from DDAVP-N donors (P =.04). We conclude that there appears to be a relationship between donor treatment with DDAVP and PG thrombosis. A prospective study is needed to verify these findings and to determine their clinical significance.

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