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Transplant Proc. 2004 May;36(4):870-1.

Pregnancy outcome after renal transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Renal Transplant Unit, Santa Casa Hospital, Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil. elizete.keitel@antacasa.tche.br

Abstract

AIMS:

The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency and the outcome of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients at our center.

METHODS:

This study involved the retrospective analysis of 405 childbearing female renal recipients for presence of risk factors, the outcome of pregnancy, and maternal and fetal complications.

RESULTS:

Fourty-four pregnancies occurred in 41 patients (10.8%). Mean age at transplantation was 23.6 +/- 6.3 years (range, 12-38 years). Only in 5 pregnancies were there no risk factors. In 13 (29.5%) pregnancies, the previous creatinine level was >1.5 mg/dL, in 16 (36.45%), proteinuria was >500 mg/24 hours; 29 (65.9%) were hypertensive; 14 (31.8%) had a time between transplantation and pregnancy less than 2 years (mean time, 35.5 +/- 30.9 months; range, 3-120 months). The outcomes were 27 (61.4%; 11 term and 16 premature delivery) successful pregnancies, 6 (13.6%) spontaneous abortions, 10 (22.7%) therapeutic abortions, and 1 (3.2%) fetal death. Pre-eclampsia occurred in 9 (20.4%) pregnancies and eclampsia in 1 (2.2%). The mean weight of the offspring was 2195 +/- 490 g (range, 1300- 2980 g). There were 2 cases of acute fetal distress and 1 oligodramnios. Median creatinine level was 1.0 (range, 0.4-3.0) mg/dL before conception and 1.2 (range, 0.7-9.0) mg/dL 6 month after pregnancy (P <.001). The long-term patient and graft survival rates were similar for pregnant versus nonpregnant recipients in the childbearing age.

CONCLUSION:

Most pregnancies were successful, although the premature delivery rate was high (36.4%). Only 5 conceptions occurred in the absence of risk factors. Pregnancy did not impair the patient and graft survival during long-term follow-up.

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