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Mol Endocrinol. 2004 Sep;18(9):2255-67. Epub 2004 Jun 10.

Stability of A+U-rich element binding factor 1 (AUF1)-binding messenger ribonucleic acid correlates with the subcellular relocalization of AUF1 in the rat uterus upon estrogen treatment.

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Department of Environmental Medicine, Center for Community Medicine, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.


The nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein, A+U-rich element binding factor 1 (AUF1), is one of the RNA-binding proteins that specifically bind adenylate-uridylate rich elements (AREs) in mRNA 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs), and acts as a regulator of ARE-mediated mRNA degradation in the cytoplasm. We previously reported that in the female rat uterus, the levels of specific AUF1 isoform mRNAs (p40/p45) were increased by 17 beta-estradiol (E2) treatment. Therefore, we examined the role of AUF1 in the regulation of E2-mediated mRNA turnover in the rat uterus. We identified ABIN2 and Ier2/pip92 mRNAs as candidate targets of AUF1 in the rat uterus. We found that AUF1-binding elements were present in the 3'-UTR of both mRNAs and that the 3'-UTRs functioned as mRNA turnover regulatory elements. In the ovariectomized rat uterus, the nucleocytoplasmic localization of AUF1p40/p37 isoform proteins was regulated by E2. We also found that cytoplasmic AUF1-bound mRNA levels changed coincidentally with the cytoplasmic levels of AUF1p40/p37. Finally, we confirmed that the subcellular localization of AUF1p40 controlled the stability of target mRNAs in vitro, such that cytoplasmically localized AUF1p40 led to marked mRNA stabilization, whereas nuclear-localized AUF1p40 stabilized target mRNA only slightly. These results suggested that E2-inducible ARE-containing gene transcripts are regulated, at least in part, via mRNA stabilization through the nucleocytoplasmic relocalization of AUF1.

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