Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2004 Jun;10(6):530-6.

Performance of focus ELISA tests for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 antibodies among women in ten diverse geographical locations.

Author information

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA.


To determine the sensitivity and specificity of Focus HerpeSelect ELISAs, sera or plasma samples from women aged 18-55 years were collected in ten cities from eight countries and tested by HerpeSelect HSV-1 ELISA (Focus-HSV-1) and by HerpeSelect HSV-2 ELISA (Focus-HSV-2). Sera with Focus-HSV-2-positive results were retested; 94% of the 3617 samples retested were positive. A subset of sera from each site was then selected, based on the HSV-2 results, and tested by Western blot (WB). The sensitivity and specificity were determined with samples from ten sites (n = 967) for Focus-HSV-1 and from seven sites (n = 675) for Focus-HSV-2. Focus-HSV-1 and WB results were concordant (both negative or both positive) for 97% of samples, with 99% sensitivity and 77% specificity. Specimens from Songkla, Thailand had 84% concordance with WB results for HSV-1, while three other sites had 100% concordance. Concordance of Focus-HSV-2 and WB was 92%, with 97% sensitivity and 89% specificity. Ibadan, Nigeria had 78% concordance. Focus-HSV-2 sensitivity and specificity in sites other than Ibadan were 97% and 93%, respectively. Raising the positive cut-off index value for HSV-2 from 1.1 to 3.5 yielded a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 96%. A sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 98% were achieved for sites other than Nigeria with the higher cut-off. In summary, the sensitivity and specificity of the Focus-HSV-1 and Focus-HSV-2 tests varied by site. Performance data generated in one area may not be applicable to other populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center