Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Jun;9(6):715-7.

Out of hospital treatment of patients with melioidosis using ceftazidime in 24 h elastomeric infusors, via peripherally inserted central catheters.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases Unit, Royal Darwin Hospital, Casuarina, NT, Australia. sarah.huffam@nt.gov.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the tropical north of the Northern Territory, Australia, 25-50 patients are admitted to Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH) each year with Burkholderia pseudomallei infection, or melioidosis. Treatment consists of initial intensive therapy with 2-4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics. Clinical improvement may occur early and patients often prefer to be managed out of hospital in the Hospital in the Home (HITH).

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate safety and efficacy of HITH management of patients with melioidosis.

METHODS:

A prospective observational study of our standard management which consists of 24 h infusions of ceftazidime infused through a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line, plus oral sulphamethoxazole trimethoprim. Treatment is administered in the home, which may be in Darwin, regional areas or remote communities, or in a self-care unit located in the hospital grounds.

RESULTS:

From February 1998 to December 2001 150 patients were admitted to RDH with culture confirmed B. pseudomallei infection. Of these, 73 patients were treated with 24 h infusions of ceftazidime, of which 70 patients were managed by HITH. Complications of treatment include a PICC line complication rate of 10.6/1000 days in situ. Nine patients had relapse or recrudescence of disease, nearly all as a result of poor adherence to subsequent oral eradication therapy, these patients were all re-treated successfully. One patient remains infected with B. pseudomallei.

CONCLUSION:

This clinical outcome study suggests that out of hospital management of melioidosis with 24 h infusions of ceftazidime via a PICC line is safe and effective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center