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Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2004;38 Suppl 1:64-73.

[Shoulder injuries: macrotraumas and overuse problems].

[Article in Turkish]

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Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medicine Faculty of Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.


Injuries to the shoulder are becoming more frequent in pediatric and adolescent athletes with widespread participation in sports activities. These injuries can result from macrotraumas as well as microtraumas from repetitive stress. Injury patterns present differences in this age group due to peculiar physiologic and biomechanical features. Most shoulder problems in adolescent athletes can be treated conservatively with a good response, while some conditions require surgical reconstruction.

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