Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Behav Med. 2004 Jun;27(3):195-204.

Anger management style, blood pressure reactivity, and acute pain sensitivity: evidence for "Trait x Situation" models.

Author information

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, USA.



Anger management style is related to acute and chronic pain, but it is not clear whether anger arousal is needed for these associations to emerge or whether physiological mechanisms mediate these links.


"Trait x Situation" models were examined to determine whether relationships between anger-out and pain and anger-in and pain depended on anger provocation's preceding pain induction and whether pain sensitivity variance explained by anger management style overlapped with variance in harassment-induced blood pressure reactivity.


Healthy individuals (N = 53) underwent either mental arithmetic with harassment and then a cold pressor (MA/CP) or vice versa (CP/MA). The Spielberger Anger Expression Inventory assessed anger-out using the Anger-Out subscale (AOS) and anger-in using the Anger-In subscale (AIS).


AOS x Order and AIS x Order interactions for pain tolerance emerged, such that (a) AOS was related negatively to tolerance among MA/CP participants, whereas AOS and tolerance were not related in CP/MA; (b) AIS was related positively to tolerance in MA/CP, whereas AIS was related negatively to tolerance in CP/MA; and (c) tolerance variance accounted for by AOS in MA/CP overlapped substantially with tolerance variance accounted for by diastolic blood pressure reactivity.


Findings support the notion that anger management style affects pain and are consistent with evidence that deficient endogenous opioid functioning may be one mechanism through which anger-out is linked to both pain sensitivity and cardiovascular stress reactivity, a connection that appears most reliably when anger is provoked.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center