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Virology. 2004 Jun 20;324(1):129-39.

Adenovirus type 5 pseudotyped with adenovirus type 37 fiber uses sialic acid as a cellular receptor.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, and Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5330, USA.


For purposes of gene therapy, the tropism of adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5 vectors can be altered with fibers derived from alternative serotypes. However, there is currently limited information available on the cellular receptors used by the approximately 51 known Ad serotypes. Recently, alpha(2-->3)-linked sialic acid (2,3-SA) has been implicated as the cellular receptor for wild-type Ad37. However, some studies have demonstrated that wild-type Ad37 uses a 50-kDa protein and not sialic acid as its primary receptor for binding of human conjunctival cells. The sialic acid receptor has also been shown not to play a major role in the infection of these cells by an Ad5 virion pseudotyped with Ad37 fiber (Ad5.GFP.DeltaF/37F). In this study, we demonstrate that a similar virus (Ad5F37) can indeed use alpha(2-->3)-linked sialic acid as a cellular receptor. We also find that the receptor used by Ad5F37 is sensitive to proteases and that Ad5F37 can use integrin more efficiently than sialic acid for cell entry. Unlike Ad5 vectors, Ad5F37 does not efficiently employ the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) to infect cells. Similar to Ad5, Ad5F37 infection of cells that form tight junctions can be enhanced by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). These results have implications in the design of pseudotyped adenovirus vectors for gene therapy and may have particular use in the treatment of diseases involving breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier.

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