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Curr Biol. 2004 Jun 8;14(11):932-41.

ZEN-4/MKLP1 is required to polarize the foregut epithelium.

Author information

1
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, 2000 Circle of Hope, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epithelial tubes are a key component of organs and are generated from cells with distinct apico-basolateral polarity. Here, we describe a novel function during tubulogenesis for ZEN-4, the Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog of mitotic kinesin-like protein 1 (MKLP1), and CYK-4, which contains a RhoGAP (GTPase-activating protein) domain. Previous studies revealed that these proteins comprise centralspindlin (a complex that functions during mitosis to bundle microtubules), construct the spindle midzone, and complete cytokinesis.

RESULTS:

Our analyses demonstrate that ZEN-4/MKLP1 functions postmitotically to establish the foregut epithelium. Mutants that lack ZEN-4/MKLP1 express polarity markers but fail to target these proteins appropriately to the cell cortex. Affected proteins include PAR-3/Bazooka and PKC-3/atypical protein kinase C at the apical membrane domain, and HMR-1/cadherin and AJM-1 within C. elegans apical junctions (CeAJ). Microtubules and actin are disorganized in zen-4 mutants compared to the wild-type.

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that ZEN-4/MKLP1 and CYK-4/RhoGAP regulate an early step in epithelial polarization that is required to establish the apical domain and CeAJ.

PMID:
15182666
DOI:
10.1016/j.cub.2004.05.052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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