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Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Jun;82(3):381-90.

Expression of iNOS gene in macrophages stimulated with 17beta-estradiol is regulated by free intracellular Ca2+.

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Department of Health Sciences, Univesrity of Wisconsin, Enderis Hall, Room 469, 2400 E. Hartford Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA.


17Beta-estradiol has potent Ca2+ ionophore capability and its signaling in macrophages is mediated through binding to surface and genomic receptors, resulting in transient nitric oxide (NO) elaboration. We decided to examine if the transient release of NO is due to Ca2+ influx pattern or the quenching effect of superoxide (*O2-) through peroxynitrite formation. Differential chelation of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) showed that NO generation was favored by [Ca2+]i concentration of 237 nM. Application of an estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182 780 resulted in attenuation of estradiol mediated NO release. Studies directed at identifying the possible role of *O2-; in the attenuation of NO showed no supportive evidence. Inhibition of extracellular Ca2+ channel or extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ channels showed data consistent with a case for optimum Ca2+ influx signal favoring iNOS gene expression, accompanied by an elevation in iNOS protein. These data show that Ca2+ influx pattern determines macrophage NO elaboration.

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