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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2004 Jul;134(3):186-98. Epub 2004 Jun 1.

T lymphocyte-mediated immune responses to chemical haptens and metal ions: implications for allergic and autoimmune disease.

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Clinical Research Group Allergology, Department of Dermatology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.


Chemical haptens and metal ions interact with proteins and thereby become recognizable by T and B lymphocytes. They induce the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines by various cell types due to triggering of innate immune responses. This is an important prerequisite for the activation of the adaptive immune system and the development of diseases like allergic contact dermatitis and adverse drug and autoimmune reactions. Our increasing knowledge about the molecular basis of hapten and metal ion recognition by T cells and about the pathomechanisms of contact hypersensitivity and chemical-induced autoimmune reactions allows concomitant progress in the development of modern strategies for immunotherapy and will hopefully enable more specific intervention in hapten- and metal ion-induced human diseases in the future.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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