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Am J Ment Retard. 2004 Jul;109(4):301-9.

Effects of topiramate in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome.

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1
College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA. shapira@psychiatry.ufl.edu

Abstract

Prader-Willi syndrome is a multisystem neurogenetic obesity disorder with behavioral manifestations, including hyperphagia, compulsive behavior, self-injury, and mild to moderate mental retardation. In an 8-week open-label study, we evaluated adjunctive therapy with the anticonvulsant topiramate in 8 adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. Appetite was measured by a 1-hour access to food four times throughout the study and quantified with a visual analogue scale. Topiramate did not significantly change calories consumed, Body Mass Index, or increase self-reported appetite. In addition, there were no significant changes in compulsions. Surprisingly, topiramate treatment resulted in a clinically significant improvement in the self-injury (i.e., skin-picking) that is characteristic of this syndrome. Potential benefits of topiramate for self-injury should be evaluated further in controlled trials.

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