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J Immunol Methods. 1992 Aug 30;153(1-2):107-13.

Amplified ELISPOT assay for the detection of HIV-specific antibody-secreting cells in subhuman primates.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Göteborg, Sweden.


A novel immunoenzyme amplification technique has been evaluated in an ELISPOT assay for the detection of antigen-specific antibody-secreting cells (ASC) in monkeys. In this assay, mononuclear cells containing putative ASC are incubated for a few hours in antigen-coated wells. Following removal of the cells, zones of solid phase bound antibodies secreted by individual ASC are visualized in four consecutive steps. First, a primary biotinylated anti-immunoglobulin (Ig) reagent is added followed by enzyme-labelled avidin. The amplification procedure comprises the addition of biotinylated anti-enzyme antibodies in the third stage, followed by enzyme-conjugated avidin and substrate. When evaluated in a modified ELISPOT assay for the detection of simian B cells secreting antibodies to the envelope glycoprotein gp120 of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), this amplification procedure proved to be suitable even when using anti-human Ig antisera as primary antibody reagents. This development should be useful for other ELISPOT assays where species specific anti-Ig reagents are not always available and, most importantly, for enumerating cells producing immunoreactive substances in such minute amounts that they may escape detection by conventional ELISPOT assays. Furthermore, a functional simian HIV-specific ELISPOT assay could prove valuable for assessing the humoral immunogenicity of future candidate vaccines against the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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