Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Jun;104(6):980-3.

Vitamin D intake in the United States.

Author information

1
The Beverage Institute for Health & Wellness, Coca-Cola North America, Houston, TX 77056, USA. caromoore@na.ko.com

Abstract

Mean intake of vitamin D in the United States was estimated from food and food plus supplements and compared with recommended intake levels. US men, nonpregnant and nonlactating women, and nonbreastfeeding children aged 1 year and older who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994) or the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1994-1996, 1998 (CSFII 1994-1996, 1998) were included in the estimates. Intake of vitamin D from food sources and dietary supplements was not meeting recommended levels. The lowest intakes of vitamin D from food were reported by female teenagers and female adults. The highest intakes of vitamin D from food sources were reported by male teenagers. Dairy products were the primary sources of both vitamin D and calcium. Additional food fortification as well as dietary and supplement guidance are needed for the general population.

PMID:
15175600
DOI:
10.1016/j.jada.2004.03.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center