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Circulation. 2004 Jun 15;109(23):2917-23. Epub 2004 Jun 1.

p66ShcA modulates tissue response to hindlimb ischemia.

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  • 1Laboratorio di Patologia Vascolare, Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata-IRCCS, Rome, Italy.



Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Because p66(ShcA)-null (p66(ShcA)-/-) mice exhibit both lower levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species and increased resistance to cell death induced by oxidative stress, we investigated whether tissue damage that follows acute ischemia or ischemia/reperfusion was altered in p66(ShcA)-/- mice.


Unilateral hindlimb ischemia was induced by femoral artery dissection, and ischemia/reperfusion was induced with an elastic tourniquet. Both procedures caused similar changes in blood perfusion in p66(ShcA) wild-type (p66(ShcA)wt) and p66(ShcA)-/- mice. However, significant differences in tissue damage were found: p66(ShcA)wt mice displayed marked capillary density decrease and muscle fiber necrosis. In contrast, in p66(ShcA)-/- mice, minimal capillary density decrease and myofiber death were present. When apoptosis after ischemia was assayed, significantly lower levels of apoptotic endothelial cells and myofibers were found in p66(ShcA)-/- mice. In agreement with these data, both satellite muscle cells and endothelial cells isolated from p66(ShcA)-/- mice were resistant to apoptosis induced by simulated ischemia in vitro. Lower apoptosis levels after ischemia in p66(ShcA)-/- cells correlated with decreased levels of oxidative stress both in vivo and in vitro.


p66(ShcA) plays a crucial role in the cell death pathways activated by acute ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion, indicating p66(ShcA) as a potential therapeutic target for prevention and treatment of ischemic tissue damage.

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