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J Surg Res. 2004 Jul;120(1):21-6.

Thrombospondin-1 up-regulates tumor cell invasion through the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in head and neck cancer cells.

Author information

1
Medical College of Georgia, Department of Surgery, Section of Surgical Oncology, Augusta, Georgia, USA. dalbo@mail.mcg.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have previously demonstrated that thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is expressed in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. We have also shown that TSP-1 promotes tumor cell invasion through up-regulation of the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), in adenocarcinoma models. We now determined the role of TSP-1 in the regulation of uPAR expression and tumor cell invasion in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

KB squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck cells were used. The effect of TSP-1 on uPAR and its ligand, urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), expression were determined by ELISA. The effect of TSP-1 on KB tumor cell invasion was determined in a modified Boyden chamber collagen invasion assay. To determine the role of uPAR on TSP-1-mediated KB tumor cell invasion, we used the three following different strategies: (a). blocking uPAR or its ligand, uPA, with neutralizing antibodies; (b). enzymatic cleavage of uPAR with glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-specific phospholipase C; and (c). inhibition of plasminogen binding by using epsilon-aminocaproic acid.

RESULTS:

TSP-I up-regulated uPAR and uPA expression 3- and 4-fold, respectively. TSP-1 up-regulated KB tumor cell invasion 5-fold. Inhibition of uPAR blocked the TSP-1-mediated up-regulation of KB tumor cell invasion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data support a central role for TSP-1 in the regulation of uPAR and tumor cell invasion in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck cells. Furthermore, uPAR seems to play a crucial role in TSP-1-mediated squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck tumor cell invasion.

PMID:
15172186
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2004.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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